Nikon D780 vs. Sony Alpha 7S III - Camera Comparison

Comparison of the Nikon D780 and the Sony Alpha 7S III

Nikon D780
89 points
Sony Alpha 7S III
86 points
Nikon D780
Nikon D780 ✭ Camspex.com
116 mm
144 mm
BODY
Sony Alpha 7S III
Sony Alpha 7S III ✭ Camspex.com
96 mm
129 mm
2020
YEARYear of announcement
2020
Magnesium alloy
BODY MATERIAL
Aluminium alloy
Weather
sealed
WEATHER SEALING
Weather
sealed
Nikon F
LENS MOUNT
Sony E
150 000 cycles
SHUTTER LIFEThe shutter durability as rated by the manufacturer.
n/a
840 g
1.85 lb
144 x 116 x 76 mm
5.7 x 4.6 x 3 in.
DIMENSIONS
& WEIGHTLength x Height x Width and the Weight incl. batteries and memory card
DIMENS.
& WEIGHTLength x Height x Width and the Weight incl. batteries and memory card
129 x 96 x 78 mm
5.1 x 3.8 x 3.1 in.
699 g
1.54 lb
Nikon D780
Sony Alpha 7S III
24.5 MP
BSI CMOS Full Frame Sensor
SENSOR The number of effective megapixels (MP). Sensor manufacturer (if known) and sensor type.
SENSOR Sensor manufacturer (if known) and sensor type.
12.1 MP
Sony Exmor R CMOS Full Frame Sensor
24.5 MP
EFFECTIVE MEGAPIX The number of effective megapixels (MP).
12.1 MP
35.9 x 23.9 mm
SENSOR SIZE
35.6 x 23.8 mm
6048 x 4024 pixels
MAX. RESOLUTIONMaximum still image resolution
MAX. RESOLUT.Maximum still image resolution
4240 x 2832 pixels
1x
CROP FACTORA 50mm lens on a camera with a crop factor of 1.5x would behave like a 75mm lens on a full-frame camera with a crop factor of 1x (50mm x 1.5 = 75mm)
1x
Bayer array
COLOR FILTER
Bayer array
5.9 μm
PIXEL PITCHThe center-to-center distance between two pixels (photosites) on a sensor. The larger the photosites, the more light they can capture and the lower is the level of visible "noise" in captured images.
8.4 μm
Fixed
LOW-PASS FILTERA low-pass filter blurs fine details of an image to eliminate the moiré and the color artifacts of finely patterned structures. Without a low-pass filter images will appear sharper, but there is also a risk of moiré occurring in certain scenes.
Fixed
3:2
NATIVE
ASPECT RATIOThe width to height ratio of the "straight out of the camera" images. However, most modern digital cameras are capable of producing images in various aspect ratios.
ASPECT RATIOThe width to height ratio of the "straight out of the camera" images. However, most modern digital cameras are capable of producing images in various aspect ratios.
3:2
Nikon D780
DXOMARK
SENSOR
SCOREAnalysis of the camera image quality by dxomark.com
Sony Alpha 7S III
 
Not tested
OVERALL SCOREDXOMARK Sensor Overall Score shows a camera's sensor quality in terms of noise, ability to render high contrast, formation of colored noise, ability to shoot in low light.
86
 
Not tested
COLOR DEPTHThe color depth performance (DXOMARK Portrait Score) in bits
23.7
 
Not tested
DYNAMIC RANGEThe maximum dynamic range performance (DXOMARK Landscape Score) in exposure value (EV)
13.9
 
Not tested
LOW-LIGHT ISOThe low-light sensitivity performance (DXOMARK Sports Score) in ISO sensitivity value
2520
Nikon D780
Sony Alpha 7S III
COVERAGE:
100 %
REAL SIZE:
0.70
VIEW­FINDERThe viewfinder frame COVERAGE in percent and the real viewfinder SIZE (VF magnification corrected by the crop factor of a camera — this way cameras with different sensor sizes can be compared).
COVERAGE:
100 %
REAL SIZE:
0.90
Optical (pentaprism)
VF TYPE
Electronic (9 437 184 dot OLED)
Articulated
 2 359 296 dot LCD
REAR SCREEN
Articulated 
1 440 000 dot LCD
3.2 inch
SCREEN SIZE
3 inch
LIVE VIEW & TOUCH SCREEN
camspex.com — Top plate LCD — Nikon D780
TOP LCD PANELLCD panel on top of the camera which provides information about the current camera settings.
No top LCD panel
Nikon D780
Sony Alpha 7S III
Phase detection with Focus Stacking, Hybrid detection in Live View mode
AUTOFOCUS SYSTEM
AF SYSTEM
Hybrid detection
Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX II
AUTOFOCUS MODULE
AF MODULE
51 (phase)  
273 (contrast)
51
 (phase)  
273
 (contrast)
FOCUS POINTSAutofocus points
as shown in the figures below:

° linear sensors
° cross-type sensors
° dual cross-type sensors
contrast autofocus areas
759 (phase)  
425 (contrast)
759
 (phase)  
425
 (contrast)
15
CROSS-TYPE FOCUS POINTS
CROSS-TYPE FP
0
camspex.com — Autofocus system — Nikon D780
-3
EV

100

The minimum exposure value of the AF working range (at 23°C and ISO 100). The smaller this value, the less light is needed for normal autofocus operation.
-6
camspex.com — Autofocus system — Sony Alpha 7S III
12 %
AF COVERAGEFrame coverage by AF sensors in percent.
93 %
Yes
IN-BODY
AF MOTORAn in-body AF motor gives the ability to auto-focus with older lenses which don't have their own motors.
None
No
IN-BODY IMAGE STABILIZATION
IMAGE STABILIZ.
5-axis sensor shift
Nikon D780
Sony Alpha 7S III
EXPEED 6
IMAGE
PROCESSOR
Dual BIONZ XR
12 or 14 bit RAW, JPEG
OUTPUT FORMATS
14 bit RAW, 10 bit HEIF, JPEG
Auto, 100 - 51200
(can be extended to ISO 50, 204800)
ISO SEN­SITIVITY
Auto, 80 - 102400
(can be extended to 40 - 409600)
7
fps
CONTINUOUS DRIVEMaximum frames per second (fps) in continuous drive mode when using the mechanical shutter.
CONT. DRIVEMaximum frames per second (fps) in continuous drive mode when using the mechanical shutter.
10
fps
100 JPEG shots
55 RAW shots
MAX. BURSTMaximum number of shots in high-speed continuous drive mode until the buffer is full.
1000 JPEG shots
1000 RAW shots
2160p @ 30 fps (4K)
MAX. VIDEO RESOLUTION
VIDEO
2160p @ 120 fps (4K)
-5/+5 EV  (in 1/3 EV steps)
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION
EXPOSURE COMPENS.
-5/+5 EV  (in 1/3 or 1/2 EV steps)
Bulb,
 
30 sec → 1/8000 sec
SHUTTER SPEED Maximum and minimum possible exposure time in seconds.
Bulb, 
30 sec → 1/8000 sec
Nikon D780
Sony Alpha 7S III

X-SYNC:
1/200
No
built-in
flash

No
flash
BUILT-IN FLASH
No
built-in
flash

No
flash

X-SYNC:
1/250
Yes
HOT SHOE
Yes
USB 3.0 (5 Gbit/sec)
USB
USB 3.0 (5 Gbit/sec)
Microphone port, Headphone port, HDMI
CONNECTIONS
CONNECT.
Microphone port, Headphone port, HDMI
BUILT-IN
DEVICES
SD, SDHC, SDXC (UHS-II compatible)
STORAGE TYPES
CFexpress Type A, SD, SDHC, SDXC (UHS-I/II compatible)
2
CARD SLOTS
2
2260
shots
BATTERY LIFEMaximum number of images that can be shot per single battery charge (according to CIPA).
510
shots

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